The Association of Business Transport of the Czechoslovak Federal Republic was established in 1990, the Czech part of which was incorporated in the Union of Employers and Businesses in Transport of the Czech Republic as the "Business Transport Section" in 1992.

The section currently incorporates a total of 21 entities - industrial, mining, commercial, and other businesses in the Czech Republic which operate to a major extent using their own resources given the high transportation demands of their production, technological, and sales processes. These companies also operate transport activities and related operations. And so the membership of the section includes prominent industrial businesses. The membership organisations of the section employ almost 6 thousand members of staff, operate hundreds of locomotives, thousands of rail carriages, railways that are significant in terms of capacity (delivery tracks), a relatively extensive vehicle fleet of company road transport, and their own forwarding agencies.

The section also associates organisations which, with their production and sales processes, represent a crucial source of transport orders for public transport (and principally for rail transport). This also ensures the vital role of loading and unloading, accompanied by the essential handling of railway carriages. At the same time, however, this is a matter of organisations which penetrate the very core of technological processes with their own transport activities. In the process, the fundamental aim of transportation that is operated as such is to minimise the burden of transport on the price of production and so to contribute to the maintenance of the competitiveness of these organisations.

Based on their direct connection to carriers, the members of the section display a natural interest in making sure that the transport system of the country generates the conditions for the promotion and development of business through its functionality. It is for this reason that they endeavour to play an active role in the preparation of laws and executive regulations that modify legislative and price conditions for individual branches of transport, and try to participate in the preparation of the basic documents of the transport policy of the Czech Republic. At the same time they draw on mutual interdependence of relations between transporters and carriers and the bonds of the transport and industrial policies in which it is not possible to allow certain entities that operate in transport to take a dominant or monopolistic position against other carriers as a consequence of absence or an unbalanced set-up of regulatory principles and regulations.

The Business Transport Section also attempts to ensure that carriers are provided with the possibility of choice between the individual modes of transport and the option of the variant selection of transporters, especially in cases in which the carrier is unable to opt for anything other than rail transport given the nature and mass scale of the transportation substrata. The section promotes the gradual harmonisation of the individual types of transport and the establishment of absolutely even and balanced conditions for doing business in the field of transport.

With respect to the strong bond of the carriers incorporated in the Business Transport Section to rail transport, the section pays a great deal of attention to the process of transforming Czech railways and, with regard to the dominant position of public transporters, the process of transforming Czech Rail itself. From their position as the principal customers of Czech Rail and the prominent rail carriers, the members of the section promote their interests to ensure that the transformation process leads to the strengthening of the competitiveness of rail transport and an improvement in the quality of its services.

The section is just as active in supporting company road transport and the acceleration of the development of progressive systems of combined transport, the conditional compliance with the transport policy of the EU, and incorporation into the common transport market.

The section also maintains extensive work contacts with the other sections within the Union and also with organisations such as the Association of Owners and Operators of Private Railway Carriages, as well as with foreign partner organisations, including the Association of Business Transport of the Slovak Republic and Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen in Germany.

In accordance with the core aims of the Business Transport Section, specialised teams within the section work on transport policy, tariffs and prices, transport legislation, technology and maintenance, and road transport.